The forklift mast, or upright, is the mechanism on the front of the forklift that does the lifting. The carriage is attached to the forklift mast and the forks to the carriage.
The upright consists of nested rails that allow the forklift mast to extend to its maximum fork height. Your maximum fork height is determined by the number of rails nested into the mast which is defined by four different forklift mast stages.
A 1 stage, or simplex, is best for lower lift heights and can typically lift up to the height of the forklift cab. A 2 stage, or duplex, can extend double the height of the cab. A 3 stage, or triplex, can lift three times the height of the cab. And a 4 stage, or quadruplex, can lift four times the height of the cab.
The forklift mast then has a lift chain and anchors that work in tandem with the hydraulic cylinder to provide the power for the lifting. Older forklifts may have a single cylinder in the center of the rails which blocks the operator's sight of the forks. Most modern forklifts operate with two cylinders, one on each side, as to not block the view of the operator.
What parts make up a forklift mast?
Mast parts include bushings, hose guards, shafts, sheaves, side-shifters, and wear pads.
Hydraulic parts include hydraulic tubes, hydraulic pumps, hydraulic hose reels, hydraulic cylinders, auxiliary valves, knobs, and torque generators.
Find all of the forklift mast parts that you need on Gearflow.